Skin Conditions

Different skin conditions can develop over time with the different skin types (apart from acne with dry skin). This can result in many different combinations of skin types and skin conditions. Listed below are some of the most common skin conditions.

Mature Skin

This condition occurs as we age. The skin becomes loose, flaccid and looses its elasticity, causing it to sag. The skin also dries and thins causing lines and wrinkles. Capillary formation as well as pigmentation can occur.

Dehydrated and Devitalised Skin This is the most common condition and indicates a lack of moisture in the cellular system and intercellular channels of the skin. Dehydration is primarily caused by a lack of sufficient sebum to prevent evaporation of natural moisture and water, insufficient water intake, poor metabolism and excessive perspiration. Other external factors can also cause excessive dehydration, such as airconditioning, extreme sun or wind. Drinking certain drinks such as coffee, tea or alcohol can all cause dehydration. The use of harsh soaps or detergents can strip away sebum, leaving the skin more exposed to water loss. Recent poor health can be a factor. Smoking and certain medication can leave skin looking tired.

Sensitivity

Sensitivity can manifest itself as an itchy, red, burning sensation on the skin. Sensitive skin can be aggravated by a number of chemical ingredients in a skin care product. A person prone to allergies can also experience sensitive skin. The use of products with high alcohol content or detergents can bring out a sensitivity reaction. The weather may also affect sensitive skin. Sensitivities can be hereditary. Reaction to alcohol or poor diet can lead to this condition.

Acne Vulgaris

This is a common condition during the teenage years. Most adolescents will experience acne at some point. In most cases, the condition resolves itself by the time the person reaches his or her early twenties. In some cases it may persist into the thirties and forties. Acne is characterised by chronic inflammatory disease of the sebaceous gland and hair follicles resulting in infected spots and pustules. The skin may be oily and show clogged pores, blackheads (open comedones) and whiteheads (closed comedones). Acne is cause by an over-population of bacteria, imbalanced androgen hormone or excessive keratinisation. Poor diet causing a lack of vitamins and minerals may trigger acne. An imbalance in skin pH may also trigger the condition. Stress and other external factors can also cause acne to flare up.

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